World Economic Forum warns that artificial intelligence may destabilize the financial system.
Jonah Whanau

2018-08-19 10:34:00 Sun ET

The World Economic Forum warns that artificial intelligence may destabilize the financial system. Artificial intelligence poses at least a trifecta of major risks to the financial ecosystem. First, inadequate user data validation and authentication may threaten consumer consent and privacy. The recent Facebook-driven Cambridge Analytica debacle causes major user privacy concerns and worries about the use and abuse of artificial intelligence applications in macrofinance and other financial services.

In August 2018, Google, Facebook, and Twitter have to remove numerous pages and posts to clean up their social networks due to Russian and Iranian inauthentic coordination for political purposes. Also, the Trump administration further blocks the potential acquisitions of U.S. electronic payment service providers by China's Ant Financial Group due to national economic security concerns. Tech platforms such as Facebook, Google, Apple, Amazon, and Microsoft should share the blame for egregious user privacy invasion and non-authentic user data access.

Second, technological advances in both cloud-computing power and algorithmic trade telecommunication help mold a highly non-linear and dense financial network. As an inadvertent consequence, one node of this network can cause exogenous shocks to propagate quickly and unpredictably to other parts of the global financial ecosystem.

As an inadvertent consequence, one node of this network can cause exogenous shocks to propagate quickly and unpredictably to other parts of the global financial ecosystem. Typical examples include the U.S. subprime mortgage crisis and the European sovereign debt crisis with severe socioeconomic malaise throughout the global economic recession from 2008 to 2012.

Third, artificial intelligence applications may induce online financial service users to engage in risky transactions that expose them to fraud or other cyber hazards. For instance, Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, and other cryptocurrencies exhibit highly volatile price fluctuations and hefty techy barriers to entry. Some of these crypto-currencies may involve esoteric investment projects in financial crime, collusion, or terrorist finance. In fact, several famous financial market experts such as Warren Buffett, Jamie Dimon, and Jim Cramer recommend stock investors to refrain from trading cryptocurrencies. Cryptocurrencies cannot be a valid authentic medium of exchange because only a few countries accept them as fiat money or legal tender. Neither can these cryptocurrencies serve as a reasonable store of value because the vast majority of them exhibit extreme price variation within a short time frame.

Overall, most current artificial-intelligence-driven financial applications raise these concerns and so may destabilize the global network of financial service providers.

 


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